Joyce Leads Effort to Strengthen Great Lakes Winter Commerce

WASHINGTON, D.C. – This week, Congressman Dave Joyce (OH-14) joined Congressman Mike Gallagher (WI-08) and other Great Lakes advocates in introducing the Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act. The bipartisan bill would clearly define the United States Coast Guard’s (USCG) responsibilities for icebreaking on the Great Lakes to meet the reasonable demands of commerce. Other lawmakers who joined this effort include Reps. Marcy Kaptur (OH-09), Bob Gibbs (OH-07), Debbie Dingell (MI-12), Bill Huizenga (MI-02), Gwen Moore (WI-04), Jack Bergman (MI-01), Pete Stauber (MN-08), and Lisa McClain (MI-10).

Currently, the USCG conducts Great Lakes icebreaking based on a 95-year-old Executive Order that fails to clearly define the USCG’s mission. This bill would update that mission to help ensure it meets the modern demands of commerce in the Great Lakes region. Insufficient icebreaking can lead to cargo ships being stuck in port for days at a time in winter months, with the Lakes Carrier’s Association estimating that this alone cost Great Lakes businesses nearly $1 billion in lost revenue in the 2018-2019 winter season. 

“The Great Lakes aren’t just an invaluable natural resource, they’re also an economic powerhouse,” said Joyce. “By codifying the U.S. Coast Guard’s icebreaking mission, our bipartisan legislation will help prevent shipping delays, revenue loss, and lost wages. I look forward to working with our colleagues on both sides of the aisle to get this bill signed into law so that we can preserve the Great Lakes economy and the more than 1.5 million jobs it supports.”

“In cold winter months, icebreaking helps keep our Great Lakes economy moving. But a lack of sufficient icebreaking in recent years has shown that Congress needs to modernize the Coast Guard’s icebreaking mission on the Great Lakes,” said Gallagher. “The Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act is a bipartisan, bicameral bill codifying an icebreaking performance standard to meet the reasonable demands of commerce. This will help ensure that small businesses in Northeast Wisconsin can continue shipping goods from point A to point B — no matter the month or the weather.”

“The shipping lanes throughout the Great Lakes are critical to the economic success of not only our region, but our country,” said Kaptur. “There is a long tradition of the Coast Guard’s important task to keep our shipping lanes free of ice in the winter so commerce can continue uninterrupted, but it’s time we modernize the mission. This legislation codifies the Coast Guard’s ice breaking mission on the Great Lakes and will provide Congress with a better sense of the demands associated with the mission. With a closer understanding we can allocate necessary resources more appropriately. I thank my colleagues on both sides of the aisle for their partnership in advancing this important legislation.” 

“Because the Great Lakes power our region’s economy, we cannot allow thick ice to freeze our commerce and growth,” said Dingell. “With this bipartisan bill, we can ensure our shipping routes are open and accessible to the businesses who rely on them.”

Specifically, the Great Lakes Winter Commerce Act would:

  • Codify the USCG’s Great Lakes icebreaking mission into law with new performance standards.
  • Require the USCG to report to Congress on the operational costs based on meeting these new performance standards.
  • Require the USCG to report annually to Congress on their icebreaking activities on the Great Lakes.
  • Require the USCG to coordinate icebreaking operations with commercial vessel operators.
  • Define ambiguous terms from the USCG’s Great Lakes icebreaking mission including “open to navigation” and “reasonable demands of commerce.”
  • Authorize the appropriations of a new Great Lakes icebreaker at least as capable as the current Mackinaw-class icebreaker.


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